Diwali is also marked with fireworks and the decoration of floors with designs, and other parts of the house with.
Naraka Chaturdashi is also a major day for purchasing festive foods, particularly sweets.
On this day, many Hindus clean their homes and business premises.
The festival is an annual homecoming and bonding period not only for families, but also for communities and associations, particularly those in urban areas, which will organise activities, events and gatherings.
According to Kinsley, the ritual use of cow dung, a common fertiliser, is an agricultural motif and a celebration of its significance to annual crop cycles.
Summer is all about having enjoying yourself, relaxing and spending time with family and friends.
In western states such as Gujarat, and certain northern Hindu communities of India, the festival of Diwali signifies the start of a new year.
Confectioners and shops create Diwali-themed decorative displays, selling these in large quantities, which are stocked for home celebrations to welcome guests and as gifts.